Could it be an infection, you wonder? Your doctor can make the final call, but there are key signs to watch for that can give you clues.
An infection in your eye can show up in many different ways. A lot depends on which part of your eye has the problem. For instance, you can get symptoms in your:
- Cornea (clear surface that covers the outside of your eye)
- Conjunctiva (thin, moist area that covers the inside of the eyelids and outer layer of your eye)
Symptoms of an Eye Infection
You may have symptoms in one or both eyes when you have an infection.
How your eye feels. You may notice problems like:
- Pain or discomfort
- Itchy eyes
- Feeling that something’s on or in your eye
- Eye hurts when it’s bright (light sensitivity)
- Burning in your eyes
- Small, painful lump under your eyelid or at the base of your eyelashes
- Eyelid is tender when you touch it
- Eyes won’t stop tearing up
- Irritation in your eyes
How your eye looks. You could have changes like:
- Discharge out of one or both eyes that’s yellow, green, or clear
- Pink color in the “whites” of your eyes
- Swollen, red, or purple eyelids
- Crusty lashes and lids, especially in the morning
- How well you see. You may find you have blurry vision.
Some other problems you may get are fever, trouble wearing contacts, and swollen lymph nodes near your ear.
Causes And Types Of Eye Infections
Pink eye, or conjunctivitis.Teachers and day care workers also are at increased risk of pink eye when they work in close quarters with young children.Other viral eye infections (viral keratitis). Fungal keratitis. Acanthamoeba keratitis.
This is why contact lens wearers should observe certain safety tips, such as avoiding swimming while wearing contacts. If you do wear contact lenses when swimming or relaxing in a hot tub, make sure you remove and disinfect your lenses immediately afterward.
guidelines recommend that manufacturers include a discard date (not just a date of expiration) on contact lens cleaning and disinfecting products to help minimize the risk of eye infection.
Trachoma. While uncommon in the United States, an eye infection known as trachoma, related to Chlamydia trachomatis, is so widespread in certain under-developed regions that it is a leading cause of blindness. Flies can spread the infection in unsanitary environments, and reinfection is a common problem. Good hygiene and availability of treatments such as oral antibiotics are essential to controlling trachoma.
Endophthalmitis.Any time the eye’s globe is penetrated and injured significantly, there is a 4 to 8 percent risk of endophthalmitis.
Eye Infection Complications
An infection also can affect interior portions of the upper and lower eyelids to create a stye or chalazion.When infection invades the eye’s tear glands, inflammatory conditions such as dacryostenosis and uveitis can result.
More serious eye infections can penetrate the deeper, interior portions of the eye to create sight-threatening conditions such as endophthalmitis.
With orbital cellulitis, infection found in and around the soft tissue of the eyelids represents an emergency because the condition can spread if left untreated.
How To Prevent Eye Infections
You can minimize the likelihood of catching common bacterial or viral eye infections by using anti-infective sprays and cleansers liberally in public areas such as day care centers and classrooms.
At home, if any family members have a red eye or a confirmed eye infection, keep their bedding and towels clean, and don’t let them share these items with anyone else. Have them wash their hands often.
And in general, teach children to avoid touching their eyes without washing their hands first.
If you are a contact lens wearer, you should follow safety tips for good hygiene, such as hand washing before you handle your contacts.
Also, be aware that sleeping while wearing contact lenses, even if you wear the new “breathable” silicone hydrogel contact lenses that are FDA-approved for overnight wear, significantly increases your risk of eye infection.
Marilyn Haddrill also contributed to this article.
When should you seek medical advice?
The vast majority of eye infections are nothing to worry about and they clear up within just a couple of weeks. You can speed up your recovery with the help of some simple self-help techniques. To ease your symptoms, you could place a cool compress like the Thera- Pearl Eye Mask across your eyes. If you have allergic conjunctivitis, you should also try to avoid contact with the allergen and you may benefit from taking medicines such as antihistamines.
As a contact lens wearer, you can reduce your risk of getting an eye infection in the first place by following effective hygiene practices, and if you don’t want to have to clean your contacts, you could opt for daily disposables like our 1-Day Acuvue Moist lenses or our comfi Pure daily disposable contact lenses if you prefer wearing silicone hydrogel contact lenses.
For more information on eyecare, visit our comprehensive Eye Care Hub.
Know more this : www.medypharma.com